Craziest Discoveries In The Amazon!


From the giant version of your favorite childhood
pet to a mystical rose-colored mammal, in this video we look at “CRAZY Discoveries In
The Amazon”: Number 11. Sawfly Larvae The sawfly is part of the order of Hymenoptera
, which also includes wasps, ants, and bees. They generally feed on plants, and their larvae
feed in large groups, which is what makes them so strange. The young sawflies are folivores , meaning
they mostly eat leaves. What makes these larvae even weirder is the
way they move as a single entity. A National Geographic story published in 2017
discusses the research of Aaron Pomerantz , an entomologist, in the town of Tambopata,
Peru. During his time there, he came across the
sawfly larvae. He later tweeted about the encounter, stating,
“[It] reminds me of a cohesive group of Spartan warriors.” Pomerantz explained that the larvae look like
a flower from far away, but you can see the individual worms when you’re close up. When he moved his hand near them, they moved
together. He told National Geographic, “Perhaps this
‘wave’ response and head-banging is a way to look like a larger organism to a would-be
predator, such as a bird, which would have no problem picking off an individual sawfly.” Number 10. Capybara This giant rodent is native to almost every
country in South America besides Chile. They are semiaquatic; so, they live in heavily
forested places around lakes, swamps, ponds, and other bodies of water, including rivers
throughout the tropical rainforest. They can grow up to nearly four and a half
feet long and weigh almost one hundred fifty pounds. Capybaras basically look like giant guinea
pigs, which are in the same animal family. These creatures are herbivores and generally
eat grass, aquatic plants, tree bark, and fruit. There isn’t too much to be afraid of regarding
capybara aggression. However, they mark things with glands in their
rear-ends; so, while they might not be scary, some could say they lack manners. Number 9. Glass Frog This tiny amphibians only grow up three inches
long. Glass frogs are within the Centrolenidae family,
which Edward H. Taylor, an American herpetologist, introduced in 1945. They are mostly lime green in color, but their
abdomen is transparent, which is how they earned their name. Since you can see through the bottom of these
little critters, their inner organs are visible. One species of this amphibian is called Diane’s
Bare-hearted glass frog, which looks an awful lot like Kermit; it is evenly lime-green with
the signature patch of transparent skin on its underbelly. But, what truly makes it look like everyone’s
favorite Muppet are its eyes. Its eyes are bright white with black, horizontal
pupils in the center, just like Kermit’s. Number 8. Candiru Fish This is one of the Amazon’s most infamous
creatures, which might surprise you since it only grows up to seven inches long. Plus, most of these fish are much smaller. The candiru is also called the vampire fish,
toothpick fish, or canero. It lives in freshwater, and the reason people
fear this tiny creature is due to its parasitic lifestyle. Allegedly, the vampire fish has a habit of
entering a man’s private parts, latching into the flesh using sharp barbs, and sucking blood
from the inside. However, there’s a significant chance that
all of the horror stories you’ve heard about these little fish aren’t as dramatic as they
sound. The species is complicated to identify because
there are so many others with similar qualities; plus, there haven’t been any witnesses to
candiru incidents in recent years. There are numerous reports of such events
occurring in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, but that seems to be the only evidence. An Amazonian ichthyologist told BBC, “I was
told of numerous cases of the candirus entering the urethra, but they were always some distance
downstream, and when I arrived downstream I was told of many such cases upstream.” The only account of a candiru entering a man’s
urethra in modern times was in 1997. Luckily for the man, the doctor was able to
extract the fish out of the orifice it swam into after hours of surgery. Number 7. Potoo These birds are related to frogmouths and
nightjars. Potoos are sometimes referred to as “poor-me-ones”
due to their calls, which sound similar to someone crying out in pain. There are a total of seven species of these
flying creatures that are included in the Nyctibius genus. Potoos are found in Central and South America
in tropical areas. They are insectivores, meaning… you guessed
it… they feed on insects. However, there’s a good chance that even if
you were wandering around in the rainforest, you wouldn’t spot one. Potoos are active at night when they’re hunting. During the day, they perch on tree stumps,
sitting upright. In fact, there’s a big possibility that you
wouldn’t see one during the day either, even if you walked right by it. The potoo’s features are different hues of
brown, beige, and black, allowing it to blend flawlessly with the bark of a tree. Number 6. Giant Water Lilies These massive water-lilies aren’t like any
you’ve seen before. Also called the Victoria amazonica, these
plant’s leaves grow up to nearly ten feet in diameter, and their stalks reach upwards
of twenty-five feet long! The first person to publish a description
of giant water lilies was John Lindley in 1837, and he named the genus after Queen Victoria. Due to the size of the water lily, it can
support up to seventy-one pounds! However, the weight must be distributed evenly
across the leaf, or else the object will fall through. Number 5. Giant Centipedes The Amazonian giant centipede is one of the
largest of its kind. It is also known as the Scolopendra gigantea,
and it can grow up to twelve inches long! It is found throughout South America and the
Caribbean, and it hunts various types of animals, including small reptiles and mammals, amphibians,
and arthropods. Basically, the giant centipede will eat any
animal that it can overpower. It is also venomous, and a four-year-old child
passed away after being bitten by one in 2014. The centipede was hiding inside an open can
of soda. Number 4. Pink Dolphin The Amazon river dolphin, also known as the
bufeo, boto, or pink river dolphin, is found in the Amazon basin, Orinoco basin, and the
Madera River in Bolivia. These dolphins are the most massive of their
kind, weighing up to four hundred eight pounds and growing over eight feet long. But, the males are usually fifty-five percent
heavier and sixteen percent longer than the females. However, what makes these creatures even more
unusual is their pink hue. Newborn Amazon river dolphins are dark grey,
which fades into pink as they mature into adulthood. The reason for this color change could be
caused by repetitive abrasion. The males are generally pinker than the females,
which supports this claim since they commonly engage in fights with other dolphins. But, it might also be the result of evolution,
allowing them to blend in with their surroundings. Tim Caro, a mammal coloration expert from
the University of California, stated, “Pink is surely a way to match the particulate red
mud that occurs in some of the rivers following heavy rains.” Whatever the case, these mystical-looking
dolphins have been the subject of folklore for years in the Amazon. One such tale suggests that the dolphin becomes
a young, handsome man who seeks out women, seduces, and impregnates them before returning
to the river and shifting back to its aquatic form. Number 3. Massive Snakes The green anaconda is one of the longest and
heaviest snake species. It can grow over seventeen feet long and weigh
upwards of one hundred fifty-four pounds. However, there have been reports of snakes
over forty feet long! But, nothing is set in stone. Green anacondas are non-venomous, and they
live in South America. Don’t let this fool you though! Considering their massive size, they don’t
need venom to help them hunt. They are mostly aquatic and eat a wide variety
of different animals, including birds, fish, mammals, and other reptiles. They are also known to feed on tapirs, capybaras,
deer, caimans, and sometimes jaguars. Yikes! Sometimes, the females of the species will
even eat the males, usually after mating. Plus, these snakes are sneaky. Their noses and eyes are on the tops of their
heads, which enable them to breathe and watch out for their next meal while they’re hidden
underwater. Green anacondas use constriction to overpower
their prey. An interesting fact about the females of the
species is that if a male isn’t around for reproduction, they’re able to have babies
via facultative parthenogenesis, meaning they essentially clone their own genes to produce
offspring. Number 2. Goliath Birdeater This monstrous spider is native to northern
South America and is the largest in the world regarding size and mass. Its leg span reaches up to eleven inches,
and its body length is nearly five inches. Plus, it weighs up to almost half a pound
full-grown. The female Goliath birdeaters can live up
to twenty-five years, while the males pass away at around six years old. These arachnids can also appear quite threatening,
not only because of their size but also because they begin making noise via stridulation when
they think they’re in danger. They rub their hind legs and abdomens together
and release hairs, which can cause extreme irritation to the skin and eyes for days. Luckily, their venom is fairly harmless to
people because their fangs can reach up to an inch and a half long! A surprising fact about this spider is that
it seldom feeds on birds, despite its name. It generally preys on worms, amphibians, and
arthropods, but can also eat rodents, lizards, and snakes. Number 1. Golden Poison Frog The golden poison frog, also known as the
golden frog, golden poison arrow frog, and golden dart frog, can only be found in humid
forests on Colombia’s Pacific coast. It is the largest of all the poison dart frog
species, reaching up to over two inches in length. The little amphibian is a stunning yellow
color, but don’t let that draw you in! The golden poison frog is covered in an alkaloid
toxin, which causes a person’s nerves from sending impulses and ultimately leaves the
muscles paralyzed in a contracted state. This can lead to fibrillation and heart failure. Just one milligram of the poison can eliminate
ten thousand mice or up to twenty people.

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