Fântâna sărată de la MARTINIS – Saltwater Fountain (Harghita, Romania)


The Salt Fountain, housed in an ancient Salt House,
is located in the northern part of the village of Martinis, the residence of the commune of Mărtinis (Homoródszentmárton),
consisting of 12 villages, which in 2011 had 2838 inhabitants, of which 96.6% Hungarians, respectively 2/3 Unitarians,
and the other “Reformed” and Catholic Concrete pillars represent the foundation of an
old drilling that has passed through a massif of salt At the edge of the village there are traces
of salt exploitation that functioned until 1930 We are in the salt alignment area located
on the eastern edge of the Transylvanian Basin, Of the dozens of known salt deposits, the
Praid mine is the only one to be exploited The Salty Fountain is located on the right
bank of the Ghipes (Gyepes) River The fountain belongs to the community
being handled by a administrator The age of the Salt House is not known,
but it is estimated to be 400-800 years old It is built of oak beams embedded
in the “wolf tooth” system The well itself consists of a oak trunk
down to about 5 m deep On the surface, however, it is this newer quadrangular
formwork that supports the cylinder driven by a crank Except for this collecting metal vessel (what
kind of metal?), before being a wooden barrel, the entire fountain is made of wood (now
with plastic bucket) because the iron does
not withstand the action of brine In the light of the phone we see the old, in-house
casin, about which the locals claim it would be the trunk of an oak grown exactly right here
and who was drilled for the fountain Now it seems that brine is not so much sought after,
but in the past the fountain had a special regime We see a salt crust loose from
the brine collection vessel From four liters of brine, 1 kg of salt is obtained Somehow the rules have changed, but traditionally
each household could only take a certain amount of brine that was distributed only
on certain days for each around village The fountain administrator was (is it?) paid by
the City Hall and charged to take a certain fee Villagers use brine to prepare food, conserve
food, compresses and baths, but also for animals

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