Manatí caribeño |La vaca marina Atlántica| (Animales del Mundo) |Peligro de Extinción|


There are several examples where humanity has corrected its errors or at least it is in process of doing it, this has been achieved with a complicated gait, since more is required that a simple idea, we depend on many occasions the total change of customs and ideologies, but that with information is creating an awareness in people, some animals are in the process of restoring their population, which although are still threatened, it is no longer as critical as they came to be, a species that falls in that category would be the Caribbean manatee. this mammal is common to find in the coasts of the American continent and its islands that are positioned in the Atlantic Ocean, from the United States, as for example in Florida, Mexico, the Bahamas, Costa Rica, cuba, haiti, republica dominica, panama, colombia, venezuela, french guyanese, among other countries of the Caribbean, Central America and South America, being able to support waters with a high concentration of salt, but at the same time you can see them in fresh water without any problem, this causes them to be in rivers, estuaries, channels, bays, whether clear or muddy, in waters of 1 to 5 meters deep, in tropical regions and subtropical. all the manatees belong to the order of the sirénidos, very similar to the pinnipeds but entirely aquatic, herbivores and this species has 2 subspecies. its length reaches approximately 3 meters, but there are reports of individuals who arrived at 4, 5 from the head to the tip of the tail and weighing 400 to 600 kilograms and the larger one ton and 500 kilograms. They are gray in color, where some they expose brown tones, while the young while they grow have a color dark that is disappearing. their cylindrical bodies lack a defined neck, their lips are prehensile and can project them forward to eat, while the opening is in ventral position, on it are his nostrils, with extremities that have evolved in fins, while the flow is united in a single structure, unlike the pinnipeds that in these bifurcate, also presents 3 to 4 nails in each fin. its sexual dimorphism is governed by the fact that the females are larger than the males. it is a solitary species, which has developed in places where there are no predators, so behaviors have not evolved complexes for its defense, also has a constant temperature so the food becomes quite abundant so it is very rare to see them feed together in one place. they are not territorial and no hierarchy has been observed, they are seen swimming very calmly moving their tail to move forward, but in contrast to their shape and appearance, they are surprisingly fast and agile in the water, able to dodge objects, swimming in reverse and even taking deadly jumps out of the water, presented activity during the day and night, resting on the surface or in the background several hours, that when they do it in the lower portions, they rise to the surface to take puffs of air in a few minutes. it is difficult for your skin to be filled with algae, this is theorized what happens because they shed their skin constantly, assuming it is very difficult for them to adhere to your skin. their communication is governed by squeaks to interact with other congeners, also the aroma is important, you can see them rubbing on hard surfaces to leave a secretion in them, especially happens in time of heat by the females, to swim they make use of the sense of sight, which is very useful, but if the water is cloudy they have tactile hairs, called vibrissae on his face, as would be reasonable, but every hair on his body is structured in the same way, which interact with water stimuli that occur in their environment. they are herbivorous animals that have developed a series of adaptations to feed yourself, such as your mouth, which helps you look for algae in the funds and to hold a large number of them for the mobile that becomes their upper lip, you can also see them digging with their fins and nails the beds aquatic to expose roots and eat them. their food tends to be very fibrous, which causes a wear of your teeth, this is compensated with their molars that are replaced throughout life, so they could die just like elephants, by not counting with dental pieces with which to chew but this is mere speculation of mine. your diet It is very deficient of nutrients, so they have to feed for 6 to 8 hours at day, reaching up to 100 kilograms daily, with this they have developed a large intestine where cellulose is stored and is broken down by bacteria to obtain of a greater amount of nutrients. during the heat, which may have occurred in any At the time of the year, herds of 20 males form around a female for weeks or up to a month, until one of them is to your liking and they will proceed to reproduce, that the younger the mother is, the less prepared she is to care for her son and for They are less successful. they go through a pregnancy of 12 to 14 months, giving birth to only one baby, but twin births have been reported, where the only parental link that has is with his mother, this baby at birth measures 1.40 meters, weigh from 27 to 32 kilograms and with molars, so it will feed on plants within a few weeks but will depend on the milk that your mother provides, becoming independent at 2 years of age, reaching sexual maturity in males of 9 to 10 years old and females among 4 to 5, but are not able to care for a baby between 8 to 9 and have an interval of births from 3 to 5 years, but if the breeding dies this range can be shortened. your average of life in the wild is 30 years, it is very rare that they have predators, but It is common that with technology they get hurt, this happens because of their habits, the boats or jet skis hit them, in fact many of the scars that you see on your body, they are the result of impacts or the cut caused by their propellers; Meanwhile in been in captivity, these also reach about 30 years, so it indicates that adapt well to the aquariums and zoos that host them, this because their space is broad but do not require migration as long as they have food in abundance. are under the vulnerable state, it is thought that their population decreased a lot for a time in certain places by the hunt that was given to them, but by prohibiting it numbers were improving, in fact currently it is also human activities that most lives are charged, one is the boats as stated above, but they also get stuck in the excuses and nets of the fishermen where they run great risk of being drowned, as well as the damage and loss of their habitat that is made for the agricultural portions and the industries, added to this their low reproductive rate. To improve these conditions, fishing nets should be monitored very well when they are placed, to prevent them from getting stuck, remembering that they do not swim at very deep low, so placing them in lower portions can also be a solution, For the boats, I think of the creation of sealed blocks, something similar to the turbines of the planes, this would avoid the cut that could be made, that in many cases is fatal or causes infections, respect areas where they can be transport these vehicles, doing it with all the care or putting some object that does not float a lot around so that when the car with the manatee is alerted and move, and make a complete capture of waste from industries to prevent enter the water. its role in the ecosystem is to keep the numbers of aquatic plants and for the places that have them as fauna, are a source important tourism that attracts many people to see them. an aquatic animal that could be said are very similar to seals, but they do not have genetic relationship until a very distant past of ancestors, with certain problems by correct, but that serves as an example, that is the Caribbean manatee. 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