Science is Benefiting You – Freshwater

The Government of Canada has made a strong commitment to Science & Technology. Freshwater is a priority area and applied
and relevant freshwater science ultimately helps ensure clean, safe and secure water
for people and ecosystems. A key federal role is to provide scientific
knowledge as the basis for which decisions and sound policies and regulations can be
made. Dr. John Carey:
Director General, Water Science and Technology Directorate, Environment Canada
Environment Canada’s Science and Technology Branch leads this exciting research which
often starts here at the Canada Centre for Inland Waters (CCIW) in Burlington on the
shores of Lake Ontario. Sound water management benefits all Canadians. Narrator:
The Canada Centre for Inland Waters provides the department with facilities for environmental
research and development, as well as monitoring and resource management. A broad range of scientists from Environment
Canada’s Water Science and Technology Branch play a critical role in providing the knowledge
necessary for the management of the GREAT LAKES and other aquatic ecosystems. Dr. Mark McMaster is part of the Ecosystem
Health Assessment Project. The project evaluates fish health all across
Canada. Dr. Mark McMaster:
Research Scientist, Environment Canada We’ve developed monitoring programs that
evaluate the growth, reproduction and survival of fish. The fish tell us about the health of the aquatic
ecosystem and that’s important because water is part of our survival. Narrator:
Collaborative arrangements exist between Environment Canada researchers, technical staff, and other
government departments, universities and research organizations, as well as international stakeholders
to address a variety of water-related issues. Engineer Ralph Moulton, is with the Boundary
Water Issues Unit. They are responsible for the management of
water levels in the Great Lakes. Ralph Moulton:
Senior Engineer, Environment Canada Management of the Great Lakes water level
is important for the economy and for the environment, as well as for personal well-being. By that I mean that the economy is important
for the hydro-electric generation that we get from the Great Lakes and the connecting
rivers. The environment aspect of the wetlands on
the Great Lakes are a major source for fish breeding and for birds, and for songbirds
as well. And for personal well-being we have many people
who live along the shoreline or go to cottages on the shoreline, go to the beaches, etcetera. So it’s important for all those aspects. Narrator:
As Canada’s largest freshwater research institute, EC has more than 300 staff working at CCIW
including aquatic ecologists, hydrologists, toxicologists, physical geographers, modellers,
limnologists, environmental chemists, and technicians. The centre has made major contributions to
the restoration of the Great Lakes, reductions in acid rain, regulation of toxic substances,
creation of international atmospheric conventions, and has helped shape environmental management
of Canadian freshwater resources, from the smallest stream to the largest watershed in
Canada. Dr. Tom Edge is with the National Water Research
Institute and his area of expertise is water-borne pathogens. Dr. Tom Edge:
Research Scientist, Environment Canada Waterborne pathogens are a disease-causing
microorganisms like the bacteria and viruses that can occur in water. Our role is to detect these pathogens in water,
and track where they are coming from. We do this with a variety of forensic-type
techniques that detect the DNA of the microorganisms in water, and we do this to ensure that Canadians
have safe drinking water and clean water to swim in. Dr. John Carey:
The government is working for you and our science is benefiting you.

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