That One Time We Had Three Popes: The Western Schism – A Space Alien Explains


You know… After doing 2 videos in a row
involving terrible things happening to corpses, I’m in the mood for a dose of stupid. Pasc, you wanna get stupid? [I wanna get stupid.] Let’s get stupid. So we’ve established a couple times on this
channel that the Catholic Church’s long history has been sprinkled with a few incidents
that made us go, “Excuse me, he f***ing WHAT?” This story isn’t all that different in that
regard. But there’s one thing I want you to keep in the back of your mind as we go
through- Pasc, what are you doing? Pasc? PASC! Ugh, nevermind. Where was I again?
F*** it, I’ll just start the episode. I’m Vibi, and on this episode of a Space
Alien Explains, The Western Schism Also known as the Great Occidental Schism,
the Papal Schism, and the Schism of 1378. This event has spawned as many alternate names
as it did simultaneous ruling popes. We just got popes just falling out of the
sky today! Mixed in with some grade A petty bulls***! After the death of Pope Gregory XI in 1378,
it was time for someone else to take his place in the iron pope chair. The populace demanded
a Roman pope be elected, but when no qualified Roman candidate presented himself, the cardinals
ended up choosing a Neapolitan. And when I say Neapolitan, I mean he’s from
Naples. They did not put a pope hat on a tub of ice cream. On April 8th of 1378, the Archbishop of Bari,
Bartolomeo Prignano, was elected the pope, and decided to take the name Urban VI. Urban was actually pretty respected during
his time as bishop and as an administrator at the papal chancery, but as pope he suddenly
became a massive d*****. He was suspicious, reformist, and prone to
violent temperamental outbursts. The Roman populace already didn’t like him because
he was Neapolitan, and now his chancellors were deciding they didn’t like him too much
either. Not because he was Neapolitan, but because
he was being a d***, just to clarify. A majority of the chancellors decided they
had enough of working for this a**hole, so they packed up and left. On September 20 of
the same year they elected Robert of Geneva… also as pope. Robert took the name Clement
VII and set up a papal court in Avignon. So the second election ended up raising a
lot of hell. There actually had been antipopes like Clement VII before, but those previous
antipopes were created by rival factions who pretty much had no power. This was different.
In this case, the same exact group of church leaders created the pope and antipope, which
is why it turned into such a s*** show. Europe was split in half. Secular leaders
had to choose which claimant they would recognize as the one true pope. The divisions were looking kinda like this.
The Kingdoms of Scotland, France, Naples, Cyprus, Castile, and Aragon threw their support
behind the pope of Avignon. England, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, and Hungary supported the
pope of Rome. Meanwhile, Portugal and the Holy Roman Empire
were stuck in the revolving door and didn’t know where to get out. Even after the deaths of the pope and antipope,
they still kept two separate papal courts. Boniface IX was elected in Rome in 1389; Benedict
XIII was elected in Avignon in 1394. When Pope Boniface died, the cardinals in
Rome offered to refrain from electing a new pope if Benedict agreed to step down.
He responded with “haha no” And Rome elected Pope Innocent VII. There were many attempts made the reunite
the two sides. And they all kind of… sucked. So eventually, a church council was held in
Pisa in 1409 in an attempt to remedy the issue. Wanna guess how that ended? Pope Number 3, come on down! You’re our
next contestant on This Papal Trainwreck! Everyone on that council must have had a bit
too much of that communion wine before walking into that meeting, because they thought there
was no other option to solve the problem except to just toss in a third pope. And as we’ve seen so far, more popes, more
problems. In 1414, another council was held at Constance.
At this meeting, John XXIII, who was the successor to that third Pope, and Gregory XII, the Roman
pope, both agreed to step down from their positions. The Avignon pope, Benedict XIII,
refused to resign, and so they were forced to excommunicate his ass. The council elected
Martin V, thereby ending the schism. HAHA! About that… The Crown of Aragon refused to recognize Martin
as the pope and still continued to stand by Benedict XIII. They even kept on electing
antipopes, with Benedict XIV as the new successor, and Clement VIII after him. But in an unexpected twist, Clement VIII resigned
and recognized Martin’s popeness as popeier. So with three different lines of popes, one
from Rome, one from Avignon, and one from Pisa, which of them was the official canon
line of pope? Rome is now recognized as the legitimate line
but confusion about who was considered pope and antipope continued well into the 19th
century. Too many popes in the kitchen spoil the broth. So friends, keep in mind that– …Pasc. What the hell is this. [Pope counter.] Pope counter???!! [How many times you could say pope in one
episode.] Pope. Get this s*** outta my face, boy. Hi everyone, thank you so much for watching
and I hope you enjoyed this episode. This week’s featured Vibisona is by Gabe96504399
on Twitter. Link to the artist’s page is in the description. If you’d like to try
your hand at creating your own Vibisona, use the hashtag on the screen and you could get
featured! And while we’re here, here’s some comments from the last video. If you
enjoyed this episode, please be sure to drop a like, and hit that subscribe button if you
wanna see more content like this. If you’re interested in supporting the channel, I have
art commissions and a ko-fi page available. Buy me a coffee through there, and I’ll
make you a little sketch as a way of saying thanks. Links to all that, as well as links
to my social media are in the description. Thank you so much again for watching, and
I’ll see you real soon.

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