The surprising science of alpha males | Frans de Waal

Well, I have known
many alpha males in my life, chimpanzee alpha males, and I’m going to talk
about what an alpha male is, because I think we can all learn
a lot from our close relatives where we have alpha males. And as an example, I want to give you
Amos, a male that I knew who was a young male
and he was alpha male, he was very popular, but he got sick and he lost his position because,
you know, chimpanzee males they can spot from a mile away
if you are weak and they went for him, and he lost his position,
and then he got sicker and sicker until at some point we had to isolate him. The group lived on a grassy island, and we had to isolate him in a cage, but we cracked open the cage
so that the rest of the chimps still had access to him. And what happened was most touching. Other chimps would bring food to him, they would bring wood wool to him, which is this thing that they use
to sleep in and build nests out of, and females would put
the wood wool behind his back. He was leaning heavily against the wall, and the way we do with pillows
to patients in a hospital, they were putting
that stuff behind his back. And I thought, this is the way
to go for an alpha male. He was loved and respected,
and everyone was taking care of him, and this is not always how it goes, because some males don’t end so well
when they lose their position. So Amos was an example
of a male who was liked as a leader, and I think the term alpha male,
if you look it up on the internet, you will find all these business books
that tell you how to be an alpha male, and what they mean
is how to beat up others and beat them over the head
and let them know that you are boss and don’t mess with me and so on. And basically an alpha male
for them is a bully. And I really don’t like
that kind of description, because I am actually partly responsible
for the term “alpha male” because I wrote this book
“Chimpanzee Politics,” which was recommended by Newt Gingrich
to freshmen congressmen. I don’t know what good it did,
but he recommended that book to them, and after that the term
“alpha male” became very popular. But I think it is used
in a mischaracterization. It’s used in a very superficial way that doesn’t relate
to what a real alpha male is. And so I’m here to explain what that is. The term itself goes back
actually much further. It goes back to the ’40s and ’50s,
research on wolves, and basically the definition
is very simple. The highest ranking male
is the alpha male. The highest ranking female
is the alpha female. Every primate group
has one alpha male, one alpha female, not more than that, there’s only one. And I will explain how that goes. So first, the body language. What you see here is two male chimpanzees
who are the same size, but one is walking upright,
has his hair up, has a big rock in his hand,
and he’s the alpha male. The other male is pant-grunting to him, is being submissive to him
and bowing for him, and that is the sort of ritual they need
to go through many times a day in order to have a stable relationship. I’ll show you a video from the field. What you will see here
is a female pant-grunting to an alpha male and you will see how that goes. The male is approaching, she grunts at him. (Chimpanzee grunts) He has all his hair up and he displays. I’m actually standing far too close. A chimpanzee is far stronger than I am, and I just was not very prudent,
this particular video. So what you saw him do is he was lifting himself up
and standing on two legs, and putting his arms out. That’s called the bipedal swagger. It’s a very common posture
in high-ranking males, and it’s very recognizable
because humans do this kind of stuff. (Laughter) Humans do this all the time. And what I really like
about this particular picture is the two old guys to the side. This is very chimpanzee. In chimpanzees, we have usually old males
who are over the hill, who cannot be alpha male
themselves anymore, but they start playing games
and forming coalitions, and behind the backs of others. And they become extremely influential, and you may actually have old males who are more influential
than the alpha male himself. Just as an example, the three males
that I used to work with most at the Dutch zoo long ago, where I worked, and the middle male here
is a 17-year-old alpha male. The male whom he is grooming
on the side is twice as old, and this old male has made him the leader. So you can imagine that that old male
has an enormous amount of power, because he has made
the alpha male alpha male. The male on the right is individually the strongest male. In captivity, you can test it out, and you can know that this male
has no trouble with either one. He has only trouble
with the combination of the two. And so the coalition formation
that goes on in chimpanzee society makes it much more complex than you think. It means, for example, that the smallest male in a group
can be the alpha male. You don’t need to be
the biggest and strongest male. The smallest male, if he has
the right friends and keeps them happy, or he has female support, he can be the alpha male. So the coalition system
makes everything complex, and I’m always waiting here in the US for the primaries,
the end of the primaries, because that’s a moment
where you need to demonstrate unity. Now let me first show you
how the unity is shown in chimpanzees. What you see here is two males on the left who are standing together. You also see the big
canine teeth that they have. And they’re standing together and they
demonstrate to the rest of the group, “We are together. We are a unit.” The males on the right
are walking together in synchrony. That’s another way of demonstrating
that you are together. And so demonstrating unity
is extremely important in a coalition system, and as I said, in the primaries
always I’m waiting for that moment because then you have
two members of the same party who have been fighting with each other, and they need to come
together at some moment. And it leads to very awkward situations. People who don’t like each other
need to embrace each other and stand together, and that’s absolutely essential
for the unity of the party, and if you don’t do that,
the party may fall apart. And so if it doesn’t go well,
like in this particular case — (Laughter) then the party is in deep doo-doo because they have not demonstrated unity. So that’s a very important part
of the coalition system, and that’s something that we share
between humans and chimpanzees. Now, how do you become an alpha male? First of all, you need to be
impressive and intimidating and demonstrate your vigor on occasion and show that you are very strong, and there’s all sorts
of ways of doing that. But other things that you need to do
is you need to be generous. So, for example,
males who go on a campaign to dethrone the leader, which may take two or three months where they’re testing
all the coalitions in the group, they also become extremely generous. They share food very easily with everyone. Or they start to tickle
the babies of the females. They’re normally, male chimpanzees,
not particularly interested in infants, but when they are campaigning like that, they get very interested in infants
and they tickle them, and they try to curry favor
with the females. (Laughter) So in humans, of course, I am always intrigued
by these men who are candidates and hold babies up like this. This is not particularly
something that babies like — (Laughter) but since it is a signal
to the rest of the world, they need to hold them in the air. And I was really intrigued by, when we had a female candidate
in the last election, the way she held babies
was more like this, which is what babies really like. But she of course
didn’t need to send the message that she could hold a baby
without dropping it, which was what the man was doing. So this is a very common tactic, and male chimpanzees, they spend a lot of time
currying favor with all sorts of parties when they are campaigning. Now, what are the privileges and the costs of being an alpha male? The biggest privilege is females. Food is really irrelevant. Male chimpanzees
can go a week without food if there’s a female in estrus
and they’re sexually interested in her. Food is secondary to sex. And so the male chimpanzees — and we evolutionary biologists, of course,
we have an explanation for this, is that sex leads to reproduction, and reproductive success
is the measure of evolution. That’s how everything evolves. And so if males can enhance
their reproductive success by being high ranking, you get automatically the ambition
to be high ranking in the males. So that’s the privilege. The costs, one cost is of course that you need to keep your partners happy. So if you come to power
with the support of an old male, you need to let that old male
mate with females. If you don’t do that,
that old male is going to get mad at you, and you’re going to lose him as a partner. So there’s a transaction going on. If you become alpha male this way,
you need to keep your partners happy. And so that’s one of the costs. The second cost is that
everyone wants your position. Alpha male position
is a very important position, and everyone wants to take it from you, and so you constantly
have to watch your back. You have to be extremely vigilant. For example, you have to
disrupt the coalitions of others and that’s what male
chimpanzees do quite a bit. Divide and rule strategies, they have. And so that’s a very stressful situation,
and we actually have data on this. The data comes from the field, from baboons not chimpanzees in this case, where they did fecal samples
on the baboons and they analyzed them
for glucocorticoids. And what you see here is a graph where you see that the lower ranking
the male baboon is, the higher is his cortisol level in the feces, but the alpha male, as you see, has just as high a level
as the lowest-ranking males, and so you may think that being alpha male
is nice and dandy and is wonderful, but it’s actually
a very stressful position, and we can demonstrate
that physiologically. Now, what are the obligations? And here, for me,
it gets really interesting, and it deviates very much
from your typical image of the alpha male. The alpha male
has two sorts of obligations. One is to keep the peace in the group. We call that the control role, to control fights in the group, and the second is to be the most empathic, the consoler in chief, basically,
of the nation, so to speak. So first of all, keeping the peace. This is a male who stops a fight
between two females. Two females on the left and the right have been screaming and yelling
at each other over food, because food is very
important for the females, and so he stops the fight between them
and stands between them like this. And it’s very interesting to me
that alpha males, when they do this, they become impartial. They don’t support their mom
or their best buddy. No, no, they stop fights, and they come up
for the underdog in general. And this makes them
extremely popular in the group, because they provide security for the lowest-ranking
members of the group. And so they become impartial, which is an unusual condition
for a chimpanzee to be in, because they’re usually
very fond of their friends and so on, and these alpha males
who are good at this, they can be very effective
at keeping the peace in the group. And the second thing they do
is they show empathy for others. Now, I do an enormous amount
of research on empathy, and I don’t have time to go into it, but empathy is nowadays a topic
that we study in rodents and dogs and elephants and primates, all sorts of animals. And what you see here is two bonobos. The one in front has been beaten up in a fight. The one in the back puts
her arms around her and consoles her. This is also actually how we measure
empathy in young children, by looking at how they respond
to distressed individuals. And high-ranking males,
they do a lot of this. High-ranking males provide an enormous
amount of comfort in the group, and they go to places
where there are earthquakes or hurricanes and they provide comfort. The pope does this.
The presidents do this. All the leaders in the world
have to do this job. The queen does it and so on. They all have to do this job, so providing consolation,
and that’s a very important task. And males who are good at these two, keeping the peace and providing comfort, they become extremely popular leaders, and there’s actually
some self-interest involved in it. They don’t do it just for the group, because it also stabilizes their position. The more popular
a male becomes as alpha male and the more the rest of them
respects them and looks up to them, the better their position is defended in case it’s going to be
challenged by somebody else, because then, of course, the whole group
is going to support that male because they want to keep
a leader who is good for them. So the group is usually very supportive
of males who are good leaders, and it’s not supportive at all of bullies. And when bullies lose their position, they may end up
in a very bad situation there. This is data actually
on the consolation behavior. This is data on consolation
in chimpanzees, and you see for the medium-
and low-ranking individuals, the females do more of it than the males. This is basically the whole community. And this is true for all
the mammal studies on empathy is that females
have more of it than males. But look at the alpha male. The alpha male does
far more than anybody else. And so that’s the data on alpha males
being the consoler in chief, basically. The last thing I want to say
is something about alpha females. This is a picture of Mama,
the alpha female in the Arnhem zoo where I used to work, who is now all over the internet, I think a hundred million
clicks at the moment, for a video of her dying at the age of 59, which happened last year. And Mama was an absolute
centrum of the group. So she was not physically capable
of dominating the males. She ranked below the males,
but she was the center of the community, and if there was big trouble
in the community, everyone would end up in the arms of Mama. And so she was a very important figure. And so I don’t want to minimize
the position of alpha females in the chimpanzee group. And then we have a species
that is equally close to us as the chimpanzee, the bonobo. We often forget about the bonobo,
but the bonobos have a matriarchal society and the alpha individual
is a female, generally. Generally, it’s a female
who is at the top of the community, and we know much less
about how this is done and how they get to that position,
and what they do with it, because we know much less
about bonobos in general. But I do want to emphasize that the alpha in a group
doesn’t need to be a male, and that actually in one
of our close relatives, it is a female. So the message I want to leave you with is that if you are looking
at men in our society who are the boss of, let’s say, a family or a business
or Washington or whatever, you call them alpha male, you should not insult chimpanzees by using the wrong label. (Laughter) You should not call a bully an alpha male. Someone who is big and strong
and intimidates and insults everyone is not necessarily an alpha male. An alpha male has all sorts of qualities, and I have seen bully
alpha males in chimpanzees, they do occur, but most of the ones that we have have leadership capacities and are integrated in their community, and, like Amos at the end, they are loved and respected, and so it’s a very different situation
than you may think. And I thank you. (Applause)

Comments 100



  • But the guy from the tv show Adam ruins everything said there is no alpha males. Highly encourage people to watch how du,b that guy is on the joe rogan podcast.

  • Oda nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu

  • LOL, Trump is your president

  • Alphas are BORN not MADE. Betas can learn Alpha traits though but it doesn't make us Alphas

  • Power Corrupts but so does Powerlessness.

  • 10:44 The asian woman is totally impressed by this old alpha male. 😀

  • What yall fail to realize is…. The only way an “Alpha” can truly be a crowned Alpha Is by having bigger balls than the current Alpha or any alpha around him for that matter. He has to challenge him. Wether he is a bully or the nicest most empathetic, whatever the creatures characteristics are on this planet insect, primate, bird…. he has to have the balls and will to challenge. To compete. Thats the truest and only quality every Alpha shares…and If they lack the will to compete…they were never meant to be an Alpha. Theres many roles to take on in this world, but for them, Alpha was probably not one of them.

  • Leadership is a position of service

  • I’ll stick with my omega male status.

  • I was born an Alpha male who is loving and kind to all humans until pushed beyond my red line to protect myself or my family and love a good fight. This speaker you are watching has never been in a fight so knows nothing about Alpha males except through chimps. Alpha males have built all cities, trains, plains, buildings, cars, homes and everything inside them. They are the warriors who women love because they protect the family and society. Thank God for Alpha males and Alpha Females. ONE MORE THING, Humans are not from a monkey. Only an atheist would say this but most importantly, this theory has been proven wrong. Only an Alpha knows that he or she is from a supreme God force because they feel it, this feeling runs through their veins.

  • Alpha Beta, it's all circumstance. Anyone can be BETA, anyone can be Alpha

  • Fascinating, reflective, and insightful. Thank you. As we evolve from nature into an aboration that less and less looks like nature and more importantly one that thinks it's "smart" enough to ignore nature. This reflective insight, highlights why we have sooo many problems we shouldn't be having. An alpha doesn't need to be a male, but every society needs an Alpha and the social media prohibitively prevents Alphas.

  • Koreans are the Alpha Males. Because White Anglo, Yellow and Jew SCUM conspire against Korea. Cant compete with Korea, but Claim Koreas Culture as theirs. The Accord of 1861….Destroy Korea. DEstroy the culture that created the Meritocracy. The Culture that freed Europe of its Jew Aristocracy and Feudalism.
    America is a Exact Replica of Korea. ALL White Anglo Culture IS Koreas. The Cavalry Officer, Chivalry, Military-Masculine Culture is based off of Koreas. "Japan" was created in the Image of Korea. Nippon became Japan. Thats why Korea is a BLANK and White and Jews Worship Korea as "Japan".

  • ALL Western/Eastern Ideals of Military-Masculinity comes from one Place. The Space Marine, Western Cavalry Officer, The Samurai, The Special Forces all come from Korea. The Cavalry Officer of the Jo-seon Dynasty. ALL Melee Combat..Blade and Fist. Tae Kwon Do. No Japanese, thats a Anglo Scum creation. Look at where it ALL came from..Korea. The Blade-Tiger Blade. There is No Katana, Sabre, Scimitar. Look at the Bow. Only Korean Musa, carry their Bow/Blade. The Bolter, Combat Knife on their Thighs. Koreans Created the First Class of Navy SEALS for the US Mi,litary During the Vietnam War.

    Thats why ALL Military Use Korean Tactics. and it all Started Here…Koreas Cavalry man.. Koreas Cavalry Officer… And America created the "Samurai" from Koreas Queens Head Dress….

  • The political bias in this video, bordering on slander, is offputting. 'No place for something being presented as science based. One time is cheeky, even funny. Over and over, even in part not meant to be funny, is bias.

  • Political brainwashed, lol only monkeys would fallow this liberal Democratic idiot!

  • This wasnt scientific whatsoever, the Scandinavian countries are ate up in the head. I cant take any of them serious.

  • Hilarious that this topic has been politicized. But then… this is TED.

  • Great stuff. Enjoyed this.

  • Saw monkeys compared to men,,,commented, didn't watch the video of this guy telling me what an alpha male is…

  • Trump and Cruz are now friends and great colaborating leaders

  • With all the fatherless males now we need old School men to teach them

  • Most men get their idea of an alpha male from the MMA ring which is totally wrong, just a bunch of insecure douches trying to prove them selves

  • This guy is subtly hating on Donald Trump.

  • Insults from an obvious beta male…. insulting alpha males in this TED talk, trying to promote pedophilia in other talks. proof that a large portion of progressives are beta, and mentally ill

  • So why do some gay man become alpha male?, they are not interested in women

  • I'm more concerned with the way "beta" is being used in society. People are not very accurate with the term ALPHA or BETA

  • Cheap appeals for emotional kudos,won't work mate.

  • I almost peed myself when he described ( at 10:37 ) the obligations of the alpha male. I just can't reconcile that with what we are experiencing at this moment.

  • This is what confuses me about today's Liberals. If you say there are any biological or Physical traits different between men and Woman you get accused of being part of the Patriarchy. Or, your called a sexist etc etc etc. We are also told that we are just animals and we are nothing special but when we behave based on biological Animal behavior we are again, Sexist, anti Woman. Even when a Born Male transitions to a female and competes against woman in woman sports with miraculous success rates, we are Transphobic. I will risk the Danger anyway. Men and Woman are different in good ways. We both have qualities we bring to the group that has it's advantages. Many thing Men cannot do that woman can and vice versa. We have had traditional roles, is an unspoken agreement of defined roles. This is not a fast rule but it has been mostly the case. When Feminists say that Men have had all the advantages while woman have lived in bondage i cringe. Is motherhood bondage? Is Providing and protecting the family unit fun? No we have had our roles and only because of Technological advancement and Modern convenience plus other factors, modern society has abandoned the importance of the traditional family unit and traditional gender roles. This is not a judgment, just a statement of fact. When Feminists describe woman contribution as suffering they deny the importance woman have had in our society, in my opinion the most important role, Nurturers and consoles.

  • You can tell this guy is a real alpha male, I heard that he was lovers with Jordan Perterson for over a month in the south of france in the summer of sixty nine.

  • This is all classic dogama with a lot of social presumptions not proven in reality to be correct he mentions no exception to the rules and no variations to the perceived dogama. Still interesting.

  • And Adam Ruins Everything says alpha males aren't real

  • Alpha males my be cool but it's the Omega male that has the last word.

  • 5:18 A small man can cast a large shadow.

  • 10:10 Wow, that graph was really revealing. Guess rather than aim for the throne, aim to be the power behind the throne.

  • This man is a Beta

  • Make peace? Empathy? Protect the weak? Be fair? Not be a Bully? I dont think this man knows what an alpha male is

  • if i were an alpha male, i think I would want to move this dude out of the village …. in order to continue the survival of the species of humanoid.

  • Our closest relatives? Brother, there's no chimp DNA in my blood. All I can learn from chimps is stuff about chimps.

  • Im no Alpha. Just not stupid or cowardly.

  • how ironic..trump portrays himself as an alpha male, but really he’s more like that gremlin, “stripe”..the evil gremlin, who didn’t care about the other gremlins..pure evil..

  • 2 minutes in and your premise is wrong. I've never come across anything in print or online that says that to be an alpha male you have to basically be a bully. Quite the opposite actually.

  • Bummer is not an alpha. No democrats are. They are all betas.

  • i do anything i damn well please, at any time….as long as my wife gives me permission

  • But Humans are not Chimps..

  • Great talk and wonderful info in such s short presentation . I wonder about the birth order and how that might contribute to the position of the alphas both female as well as male. I being a first born have always been the alpha male and people call me a natural leader. I find that all my life I have almost a point of not only dislike, but despise weak men in leadership roles of society. It seems my natural tendency is to take charge when in the company of weak men who claim to be the leader of a group but falter in their position to provide a strong direction for the rest of the men that could lead to the detriment of the entire group. It is very frustrating because I am labeled a bully and that isn't my intention at all, and has lead to my being ostracized from their company only to see later the group fail in their endeavors and admit I had the right course of action. I have felt this my whole life and always thought that there was something wrong with me. This talk helps me to understand myself. I have seen this most prevalent in religious institutions with weak pastors that turn men into weak subservient slaves to do their bidding using a book that the Flavian Caesar wrote to control the Jewish masses and limit uprisings . So the alpha leaders of today I see using the same technique and book to keep society in line. Even at 68 I still have my alpha way of life and find it amusing that all these old widows are drawn to me! What a hoot! Great video, hope many will watch it. Love Ted Talks.

  • I think the moral of the story is to aim to be average

  • Bipedal swagger: Conor McGregor

  • I'm sure that's one reason why an army marches in sync is to show unity 5:55

  • When an alpha male sees a super beta male, this primal urge to want to see them transformed into a human pinata becomes powerful. Look at the guy in this vid ( and tell me I'm wrong.

  • Maybe your close relatives not mine!

  • I was on board until the compared the unity of the Democrats to that of the Republicans. He even said that the Republicans are in deep trouble because Trump didn't embrace the one he beat. His support within the GOP is 94% meanwhile Obama has described the Democrats as "a circular firing squad". Hence why more than 10 of them are running for president.

  • 7:36 – arya in bottom left corner
    faceless assassins are real…?

  • The human version of the alpha male. A man who gets destroyed in a divorce in his 40's and kills himself or has a cardiac in his 50's trying to hold onto status that nobody cares about but him. The end

  • 'I'm alpha!' said every bouncer and weight lifter.

  • choose either science of humor, not both. I didnt get much out of this vid.

  • Seems those 'old' alpha males know how to pretend that the idiot bUSH is the 'alpha male' but the realty is, bUSH is the idiot 'male' that obeys the TRAITORS that look to keep bUSH the moron, to keep responsibility for the decisions that 'older scumbags' make. But all three of them should be HUNG as TRAITORS, loyal only to their BANK accounts and the JEW that BRIBED or BLACKMAILED that idiot bUSH to keep American JEWmerica, the colony of israel, the zionazi IDIOTS FOR THE JEW
    Joe Magnets

  • Frans is describing the GAME going on in JEWmerica today. The 'game' is called 'the game of thrones'.
    Joe Magnets

  • Seems the JEW copied the CHIMP SOCIETY. Epstein, and the rest of the JEWS in 'high society'.
    Joe Magnets

  • Anyone still wonders why the VERY RICH JEW pretends to care about the very poor EVERYONE ELSE?
    Joe Magnets

  • What I took from this no one else did. I took from this. Based on thr graph shown. It's best to be second or third in command. You get way less stress than thr lead role and way more opportunities and less stress than being at thr bottom of thr pack. So I'm striving for 2nd place baby.

  • Very interesting.

  • Das my grandpa’s or opa’s (im dutch) brother

  • No one is a alpha male or female, stop allowing your minds to be warped into a polarized mess… life is chaos and there is no real structure outside our own mental beliefs. I get it… having this mechanism in the brain that creates opposites makes it easy to understand the world in which we live… but it's time our species stop thinking of the world in such a static way… there is no us and them… their is us, them, the other, and we. Or to put it simply… there is always another option.

  • There are no alpha and beta males. There are only lucky and unlucky males.

  • Something telling me this guy is a democrat!

  • How does a Bonobo become a matriach? By effing her way to the top duh

  • Do not tell us that Bush is alpha lmao

  • It confirm that my lil brother is the absolut Alpha…I do not know how he can do all these stuffs lol

  • I'm just waiting for him to say"im an alpha male, would anyone like to come on stage and challenge me to an ape fight, no? Didnt think so". 😂😂

  • where can I get the photos from 4:37 or 5:38?


  • Everyone considers him the coward of the county.. – Kenny Rogers

  • I'd make fun of Adam ruins everything but he already ruined himself lol

  • All the idiots thinking they are the best …. just idiots!

  • Yeah, is my man Alpha or Spoiled ? He says I'm spoiled, no… I'm Alpha. As Sting said: I will turn your flesh to alabaster when you find your servant is your master. Lol! He's Alpha I'm his Queen "B"

  • "Me Too Movement" does not recognize the #1 advantage of the Alpha Male

  • Humans have even put a chimpansee in the white house… I bet all the walls are covered in Donnys poopoo! 😉

  • Dude, at 7:37 he basically called Barack Obama a dumb primitive monkey ape chimp cuz he's black and black people are less evolved. That's basically what he just said. And I don't want to jump to conclusions but if he actually thinks like that then I think he might be racist. That's kind of racism ya know. Maybe he was just calling him an ape to get views from right wingers though. At least he didn't call him the N word tho. Either way, I bet he wears a MAGA hat.

  • Take that adam conover!

  • This guy is obviously not an alpha Male, and he made up this entire "research" to justify the fact of him being a submissive beta

  • Well I guess trump is on his way out. He is a bully and incapable of empathy. The idea of trump picking up a baby is grotesque.

  • No One is More Professional than I. Leadership.

  • Interesting Subliminal Programming Here. The agenda is clear. Also – try and suggest videos a little older like the rest of the algorithm does.. when you have older videos that surround this one new video in my feed it is very easy to see whats going on.

  • There was a 1973 business bestseller titled Winning Through Intimidation that carried forward the business model called Social Darwinism, which fabricated a pseudscientific "theory" that interpreted survival of the fittest to mean survival of the least ethical. Gingrich helped carry that principle into politics and consolidate corporate ownership of government by interpreting "alpha male" to mean a political bully. Social Darwinism had nothing to do with Darwin and Gingrich's alpha male had a pretty dubious relationship with alpha males in nature.

  • This was excellent. Informative

  • 10:08 sooo looks like its better to be 2nd or 3rd in a way. not a number one but also not a pushover….

  • very interesting

  • He just described the world's government's #lowkey

  • This guy has that beta cuckboy perspective

  • An alpha male is not a bully. I agree.

  • A beta trying to breakdown what an Alpha is gtfoh 😂

  • i kinda feel good about myself being so different than animal nature would dictate primate behavior follow. i'm a complete loser beta type dude who places extreme priority on compassion, kindness, empathy, love, and altruism (for those in need) above all other prerogatives. i also have that complex (i forget the pop slang name for it) where you get very defensive when it comes to anyone who is marginalized by popular opinion; this is one of the only times my intellect comes out in a immediately full assertive discourse to influence the situation i'm seeing in favor of the underdog… though, incidentally, to get low brow for a moment, i do always wonder if i would've had a bigger phallic endowment if i behaved all alpha… i remember reading that study regarding alphas at some point and wishing i had a giant impressive weapon of destructive prowess… you're welcome for the disgusting candor.

  • trump won get over it

  • Great video!! I believe the idea of an "Alpha Male" is very confused by the idea of being a "Macho Man".. The Macho Man is just a fake alpha with nothing behind them.

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