Top 10 Bizarre Ways Pharmaceutical DRUGS Change the ENVIRONMENT


Top 10 Bizarre Ways Pharmaceutical Drugs Change the Environment 10. Contaminates Water While current sewage management systems remove
a lot of waste from water, there are no sewage plants equipped to filter out chemicals from
drugs. After leaving treatment plants, sometimes
the water re-enters bodies where we get our drinking water from. There are cases of treated municipal sewage
being released into waterways all over the world. In 2002, the U.S. Geological Survey tested
139 rivers in 30 states. They found 80% of them contained traces of
pharmaceuticals, hormones and steroids. Many of these drugs are also found in
our drinking water. The good news is that the levels aren’t
high and the chemicals in the water aren’t harming us. However, it’s a growing concern for experts,
as research into pharmaceuticals in the water was started just over 10 years ago. The long-term effects are still unknown. 9. Makes Marine Life More Reckless One of the most commonly prescribed medications
is antidepressants, with 13 percent of American adults having a prescription. That makes for a lot of chemicals entering
the water system through the toilet, and made researchers curious as to how this would affect
a species like shrimp. In a lab, researchers exposed shrimp to a
small amount of fluoxetine, which is one of the main components in anti-depressants like
Prozac and Sarafem. In the ocean, to avoid predators and stay
safe, shrimp tend to hide in dark places. However, after slight exposure to fluoxetine,
the shrimp became much more reckless. They were five times more likely to go out
into bright, open areas. If this were to happen in nature, it would
make the shrimp much easier prey, which could devastate their population. 8. Makes Aquatic Life More Aggressive In a lab, researchers introduced a small amount
of antidepressants to water that housed cuttlefishes. Despite their name, cuttlefishes are molluscs,
so they’re similar to squids and octopuses. Researchers put a shrimp, which is what cuttlefishes
eat, in a test tube and dipped the end of the tube into the water. The cuttlefish that weren’t exposed to the
drugs gave up trying to get the shrimp when they realized they couldn’t get through
the tube. However, the ones that had been exposed to
the drugs were much more aggressive and wouldn’t stop trying to get the shrimp, wasting a lot
of energy in the process. When they tested antidepressants on crayfish,
they found that males exposed to anti-depressants would fight longer and mortality rates went
up. 7. Can Be Devastating to Zooplankton If anything in an ecosystem goes wrong it
can cause a devastating ripple effect. One species that’s a major part of the foundation
of freshwater ecosystems are zooplankton. These microscopic plankton eat algae, and
then in turn fish eat them. If their numbers are depleted, algae would
overgrow and fish mortality rates would go up. So a researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
performed a number of tests on Daphnia, a genus of zooplankton. She put the Daphnia into water with environmentally
relevant concentrations of fluoxetine, a cholesterol lowering drug, and five common antibiotics. At first she subjected the Daphnia to one
drug at a time. She found that with the antidepressants, the
Daphnia had more offspring. When exposed to antibiotics, the Daphnia lived
longer. Both would upset the amount of zooplankton
in an ecosystem. But when exposed to a mixture of the antidepressant
and cholesterol drug she found that 90% of the plankton died. When they did have offspring, they were mostly
female and mostly deformed. The cholesterol drug didn’t really have
much of an impact on its own, but when mixed with just one other drug like it would be
in nature, it was destructive. 6. Feminizes Marine Life Hormonal contraception, a birth control method,
adds estrogen and progestin into the user’s body. After the body uses the estrogen, it leaves
through waste. So while hormonal contraception is helpful
to humankind, it can be devastating to ecosystems. A researcher at the University of New Brunswick
added a little bit of estrogen to a test lake. Shortly after, male fathead minnows started
to develop eggs. Due to the feminization of the minnows, their
population plummeted to just one percent of what it was before. The lake trout, which ate the minnows, had
their numbers drop as well, while insects, the minnows’ source of food, had a population
increase. When the estrogen was removed from the system,
the population of minnows replenished to the numbers they had before. 5. Contaminates Soil It’s believed that hundreds of millions
of farmers around the world use human sewage for fertilizer and wastewater to irrigate
crops. In fact, more than half the treated sewer
sludge from American waste facilities is used as fertilizer. The U.S. Geological Survey did research on
soil after it had been fertilized. They found traces of pharmaceuticals, cleaners,
cosmetics, perfumes and chemicals from soaps. One of their worries is that these traces
didn’t stay on the top layer, but could be found as far down as seven feet below the
surface. When chemicals get that deep they can affect
water sources, which adds even more chemicals to contaminated drinking water. 4. Alters Plant Growth With 30 million prescriptions written every
day, diclofenac and ibuprofen are two of the most widely used drugs in the world. Researchers at the University of Exeter wanted
to see how traces of these painkillers affected the growth of different plants. They found that the drugs affect vegetables
in very specific ways. For example, when radish roots are treated
with diclofenac they have growth problems. Ibuprofen, on the other hand, had an impact
on the early development of the roots of lettuce plants. It’s important to note that this is preliminary
research, and the study used one drug at a time. In biosolids, the crops are exposed to a number
of different chemicals from drugs. It’s still unclear what impact they’ll
have on crops and the people and animals that eat them, especially when the chemicals are
mixed with pesticides. 3. Almost Wiped Out Three Species of Vultures Humans aren’t the only species to use pharmaceutical
drugs. In the United States alone, the animal pharmaceutical
industry is worth hundreds of billions of dollars. While the FDA and other federal regulators
have deemed treated animal meat safe for human consumption, it can have pose a far greater
danger to ecosystems. In the late ’90s, three species of white
vultures were dying off in large numbers in South Asia. In 2002, researchers did a study in Pakistan
and discovered that the cause was the anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac, which was given to cattle
to reduce fevers. The researchers believe that the vultures
ate from carcasses of cattle that had been given the drugs, which caused kidney failure
in the birds. Diclofenac was responsible for wiping out
95% of the three species, which were put on the critically endangered list. With such a fast decline in numbers, a number
of ecological problems emerged. Animals like feral dogs and rats, which compete
with vultures for carcasses, were able to flourish. Unfortunately, they’re natural reservoirs
for disease. Without the vultures to keep their numbers
in check, it’s increased their chances of spreading disease like rabies and even the
bubonic plague to animals and humans. 2. Possible Link to Prostate Cancer Doctors at Princess Margaret Hospital in Toronto
found that countries with high rates of women using oral contraception also have men with
a high prostate cancer mortality rate. But they didn’t find a significant link
with other forms of contraception, like condoms. Also, there was no difference between rich
and poor countries. The pill is the cheapest form of birth control,
so it’s used around the world. Raises in hormonal levels being linked with
cancer is nothing new — birth control pills have a significant link to breast cancer. The researchers believe that, while only a
small amount of estrogen is passed into the system via urine, there are so many women
that have taken birth control since the early ’80s that it’s caused low level environmental
damage to both food and water sources. However, the researchers also pointed out
that they’re not sure exactly what the cause and effect is, and they don’t want to encourage
women to stop taking the pill. 1. Antibiotic Resistance People are becoming more resistant to antibiotics. This is especially true in places like China
and India, where most antibiotics are produced. These facilities don’t exactly have the
highest standards for waste disposal, and chemicals from drugs gets into drinking water. Livestock and fish ingest the water, and then
we eat them and build up more of a resistance. Since the discovery of penicillin in 1928
100 classes of antibiotics have been discovered, but no new compounds have been found since
1987. Bacteria are constantly evolving to resist
antibiotics, which means we’re quickly running out of effective antibiotics. It’s thought that having antibiotics in
the water is only speeding up the process. Resistance to bacteria is already becoming
a big problem in Europe, and scientists believe it’s only a matter of time before we live
in a post-antibiotic world. Even common infections could then become deadly.

Comments 46

  • 9 out of 10 fish in our rivers are female.

  • hey Simon have you considered making videos based on economics? like top ten facts about protectionism and supply side economics, if not, I understand, it's​ a very heated and politicized topic that both sides base their economic views on "principles"

  • 1 minute

  • 8 th to like itt t

  • Like this post and your penis will grow by 20% withing the next 48 hours

  • 40th like

  • crazy what people are doin

  • Top 10 most successful serial killers of all time

  • Hello Mr Simon! I love the way you narrate the videos it makes me feel very smart! Also, would you prefer Mexican food or Chinese food?

  • no, those tentacles are not normal

  • Molly
    percousete
    Molly molly

  • Lets all run around screaming in fear so Simon will feel better. Most of those studies are either preliminary or closed system because, things don't work the same way in nature that they do in the lab.

  • Washington state Puget Sound sea bay water has more caffeine then any where else in the world.

  • turning the fricken frogs gay

  • Thanks Simon, a good heads up what's coming.

  • I don't ever take drugs or medicine. This is just more reason. I tell people stuff like this and they think that I'm crazy. The ones that do listen, only think of their comfort in drugs and and not the collective change that we can make.

  • "They're turning the frogs gay!"

  • Thanks Simon, Your today video remember same many facts and as always I love safe the life

  • so basically, females are trying to destroy the world with birth control?

  • This was incredibly disturbing. So essentially everything we as humans do helps to degrade the life on our planet. Pretty soon we'll have to farm everything because wild foods won't be safe, but the farms aren't necessarily very safe either. Lord come now and stop the slow death we are doing to ourselves and everything else in your world. Put an end to our cursed existence so that we may move on to the paradise of the new earth where we will reside in your presence for the rest of eternity, amen.

  • Alex Jones was right, as always, these chemicals in the water ARE turning the frogs gay.

  • Just more ways pharmaceutical companies are screwing everyone.

  • So where did everyone think this crap went? Into thin air? Get to know and use plant sources preferably from non contaminated areas. still won't take the place of vaccines though. Guess we should learn to suffer through our depression like in the past since the asylums are closed.

  • Just Say No to Big Pharma!

  • Sir, the plural of octopus is octopi…not octopuses.

  • Drugs in our drinking water… causes aggression in experiment samples… zombies man!

  • wow! fascinating and scary! good job guys.

  • This channel gets me so angry. They say so many things that are supposed to be "facts" when in reality it's far from the truth. They seem to praise the US and capitalism and often call Communism a dictatorship. Here's some news for you, Top Tenz: Marxism, or the original form of Communism, is a form of extreme libertarianism or anarchy. Communist Dictatorship is an oxymoron. Communism is the most democratic ideology out there. The USSR, North Korea, Eastern Germany, and Cuba are not "Communist", they're State Capitalist with some Socialist ideals. Check your facts, please, and stop spewing out propaganda.

  • This is literally my favorite channel it never gets old

  • Simon knocking it out of the ballpark once again! Good Job guys.

  • The post-antibiotic world has good reason for hope. Bacteriaphage or "Phage" Therapy is common practice in Eastern Europe. Simon should tell everyone all about it. 🐛

  • I never use antibiotics and I never have, and I haven't died yet, so I don't get how common infections could become deadly just because some people will no longer be completely immune to them.

  • Simon is so entertaining – videos that are Educational and interesting ??? whaaa !!! good they cut out the other characters and kept with Simon! As far as water we know Dasani was just tapp water my city NY claims it has the cleanest tap water in the country — any truth or propaganda?

  • I found many of these facts informative and troubling. And it makes me wonder what the future would be like for all of humanity.

  • there are more estrogen mimics from agricultural chemicals than from pharmaceutical drugs

  • I respect you guys so much because you are putting out content that exploits the reality of our society as humans. You're not putting out that BS.

  • These are ALREADY known truth. Thank you for repeating them

  • 4:00 Feminist consiracy

  • Why are you showing a bottle of Oxycontin while talking about antidepressants? It seems to imply that Oxycontin is an antidepressant.

  • The ionized water filter that eliminates pharmaceutical drugs from your drinking water and bathing water. Visit http://livelifefree.newwatersciences.com/?SOURCE=anything for more info. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7u8UIBUVQDI&feature=youtu.be

  • Why aren't these facts used in the war against the war on drugs? Or at least in the legalization of Marijuana?

  • well alex jones may have finally had a great point if not for being over drama about when he said the fish are becoming transgender

  • To say that people are resistant to antibiotics is ridiculous. Antibiotics aren't supposed to work on people since their propose is to kill. Antibiotics only work on bacteria and it's the bacteria that are becoming resistant

  • One question Simon- what's with shrimp's' and Cuttlefish'es'? I was under the impression the correct vernacular for more than one fish was, well, 'fish' and more than one shrimp is just 'shrimp'. Was I wrong? You seemed to jump back and forth between 'shrimp' and 'shrimps' and Cuttlefishes and Cuttlefish. Is there a change in the words depending on tenses?

  • New video Title: Describing the same thing multiple times

  • I knew it—they’re turning all the frogs gay!

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